Archive for the ‘how to’ Category

How to repair compression stockings’ soles

July 17, 2017

Repairing compression stockings’ soles is a tremendous waste of my time.   Compression stockings are expensive and holes in soles form easily.   Here are some tips.  If you know a better way, please let me know.   I would appreciate any help.

For a run or a very small hole on the legging portion, Beacon Fabri-Tac washable fabric glue is an imperfect solution.    First, make sure the glue is thin and flows easily.   If not thin, add acetone as thinner.   Acetone can be purchased at women’s beauty supply stores.

On a run, put a small streak at the end of the run.   On a very small  hole, overlay torn sides of the fabric over another, and glue,  using tissue paper underneath.  A small amount of tissue paper will become glue-stuck.

Beacon Fabri-Tac often stays on, sometimes doesn’t, and this causes constant regluing.
Beacon is not a stretchable glue, and this means graduated compression is affected,  if a large amount is applied.

Aleene’s Flexible Strechable Fabric Glue was not strong enough to hold my Sigvaris compression stocking.   I couldn’t get Aleene’s Fabric Fusion glue to work.   Thank you, Aleene for sending me samples–these are quality glues, but apparently not for compression stocking.   Never tried nail polish, as described in many others’ recommendations.

For big holes, as often found on the stocking soles, here is my experience.   Cut a patch about half to 3/4 inch radius from the hole.   This large radius distance is because otherwise,  the hole may extend further.    Previously used, thin compression stocking fabric patch stayed glued much better than thick compression stocking fabric.  And on the sole,  this thinness was far more comfortable.

First, place tissue paper under the hole or thinning part of stocking.   Some paper will remain glued.

Patch should go on stockings’ outside, and place glue on the smooth side of the patch.   Use thin disposable gloves when applying glue.   Apply generous amount of glue onto patch, except where fingers hold patch.   Press and hold patch onto stocking for about 30 seconds.   Add glue to finger hold portion of patch.    Press patch.   Dry out for a couple of days.  Inspect for failed gluing.

If the holes are on the sole, you’ll have to analyze how the holes form.   What part of the shoe is causing excessive pressure on the foot?   Then, try to relieve this pressure.    I’ll write on this topic later.




Diaphragm breathing and acid reflux

November 26, 2013

As proper supported diaphragm breathing pushes the diaphragm (and also esophagus) downward, the stomach acid will flow into the esophagus and irritate acid reflux.

1. Don’t eat before singing.

2. Don’t drink carbonated drinks with caffeine (most carbonated drinks have caffeine).

3. Don’t drink caffeine.

If must sing, then use an antiacid.   These usually last 30 to 60 minutes, so will be very useful for singing and diaphragm breathing while with food in stomach.

Tilt the thyroid?

March 18, 2013

Well, I don’t know much about the thyroid, but my understanding is that it is a very well protected part of the throat.  I wasn’t even aware it could be tilted or felt.    Do they mean, tilt the larynx so that it feels like tilting the thyroid?

Here’s a video of a healthy neck-throat. Notice that it is convex in alignment!

So, in order to “tilt the thyroid”, it helps to get the neck-throat in convex alignment to start out with. Most people tilt head forward, and, as can be seen, there’s less larynx to “tilt” if one’s head (and chest) are already tilted forward (kyphosis).

This is actually a fairly difficult process, involving much with posture.    Tennelli also has some videos on larynx use in appoggio.   Tennelli somewhere says that if the diaphragm isn’t used properly, manipulations with the thyroid won’t work properly.

Well, I don’t know if this helps, but good luck!

>>>  I’ve heard of “tilting the thyroid” many, mnay times. I just… have no idea how to do it. Can somebody help me, or at least give me some advice? I have quite literally no idea what I’m doing- and my new vocal teacher, a baritone, isn’t much help either. I’ve tried crying, sobbing and whimpering my way past a G4- but it never works- I just slip right into falsetto.

Exercising, Yin and Yang

February 24, 2013

Think of exercising and stretching and yin and yang.  What one wants to achieve is harmony, like the ancient yin-yang symbol.


In yoga, this is expressed as stretch and counter stretch.

The reason your exercise affects singing negatively is because of excessive of one (yin or stretch).  What you need to do is to find the counterbalance– (yang or counter stretch), so that your voice attains harmony.


February 24, 2013


“Are there certain physical exercises that singers should not do?
One exercise in particular is the pushup. They help me get toned quickly but they affect my breathing. After doing 20 pushups I start doing chest breathing and it becomes very difficult to go back to deep breths. Once my chest and abs get any kind of exercise eg pushup, sit ups it also cuts the endurance of my voice re: shallow breathing.
Have you guys ever had this happen to you? What did you do to remedy it?
I want to audition for a show (kinda like Trinidadian XFactor) and everything matters, looks, voice ect.



A woman fan saw some baseball players in the 60s, walked up to them, and saw they were out of shape. She remarked, you baseball players are overweight. They replied, “but mam, we’re pitchers.” Nowadays, we have muscular pitchers. In the 60s, pitchers were actually discouraged from weight-lifting because it was thought this would shorten their pitch’s “stretch”.

I don’t know golf well, but my recollection is Lee Trevino, a champion, started lifting weights and never regained his “touch”. So, for some time, weight lifting was thought to be detrimental to golf because one’s touch is affected. Modern day golf pro golfers have muscular power.

So, IMO, yes it’s true that exercises can, in the short term, affect singing negatively. But continuous exercising along with stretching and good posture will do wonders for your singing.


throat massage and myofascia

February 24, 2013


Anyone know more about these myofascia massage on throat methods?

Movement and Walking

February 4, 2013

Legs, to be stretched continually, needs.   Some leg stretches are helpful, but walking needs to be changed such that it continually stretches.   This can be difficult.

My issues:

Left leg longer–doesn’t have a natural leg motion.   When moving with full leg, then stretches constantly.

Right leg shorter and not oriented properly– knee problem.


Shoes.  Shoes restrict foot bend while walking, due to the shoe sole’s tension against foot bending.

Yawning sing

October 31, 2012

So I’ve been thinking about ways to get in more practice during the day, even at times I am not able to sing. My goal is super healthy, strain free singing, and I’ve had most success achieving (or getting close to this) when I focus on those yawny breaths. So my thought is to apply this kind of breath to every day speaking. Obviously, it will be a difficult transition at first, and people might think I’m a weirdo for pausing to take those breaths in speech. Ha, they might even just think I’m just a very a pensive person. Regardless, this is something I am going to experiment with over the next little while. I’ll update this thread with my thoughts as I have them.



Innovative thinking on this. I had considered this option as well, but eventually decided against it. First, the nose does warm and help clean the air, so regular yawning intake isn’t healthy.   Second, it does look strange.   Third, one has to add pauses in conversation.

There are lots of things that can be done regularly, and these all basically involve posture.  Deep diaphragm breathing.   This is relatively easy, if you can keep the ribs uplifted.  If you can, deep diaphragm breathing will help attain easier power.

Incidentally, yawning breathing is useful for adding larynx drop while singing, but you may want to ask why singers can’t do this without the yawning breath, naturally.  In another word, why is yawning breath even needed, particularly if deep diaphragm breathing is already developed?

Larynx drop involves first a very good posture.   Afterwards it’s a lot easier and can be volitionally controlled.  Yawning breath can still help a bit more.  You can read about larynx drop in Alan Green’s book, and eventually, I’ll write about larynx drop and posture in

Improve your posture regularly and your singing will naturally improve, and you’ll look great at the same time!

Primary moving parts of the vocal apparatus

October 10, 2012

Larynx– drop to create larger cavity.

Jaw–creates larger cavity.

Soft pallate— creates a smoothness and subtlety

Lips–creates smoothness, subtlety, and distinct vowels and consonants

Tongue– can block


These are the primary moving parts.   The role of the diaphragm needs to be further elaborated.

But, the basic idea in singing is to free these to do their things.

Each of these have supporting structures and organs that impact their freedom.

Standing meditations

October 10, 2012

Focus deeply, not just a standing meditation, but continued deep reaching in of the tensions.

Self, thoughts.   Both thoughts and self can cause body actions.   Want the self, because thoughts are too many.

In my case, walking based on thoughts is such a body action.